Day 3 :
- Oral Session
Location: Las Vegas
St. Philip’s College, USA
M/K Pakistan (Pvt) Ltd, Pakistan
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University , India
Time : 09:30-09:50
Malathi D, PhD, is specialized in the field of Food Science and Nutrition and has thirty five years of experience in teaching, research and extension. She is expert in various processing techniques and value added products from different food crops. She is involved in popularizing the developed technologies through demonstrations, radio talks, etc., that created awareness about the preservation, processing and therapeutic values. She has attended 13 national and 4 international training programs. She is conducting training programs on fruits and vegetables preservation, development of therapeutic bakery products, confectionery products and instant food mixes to farmers, industrial persons, entrepreneurs and general public. She has worked in 12 national and 4 international research projects and published 36 international and 75 national research papers.
Statement of the Problem: Development and standardization of bakery product (cookies) from millet and xylooligosaccharides (XOS). Prebiotics are defined as non-digestible food ingredients that beneficially affect the host by selectively stimulating the growth of one or a limited number of bacterial species in the colon such as Bifidobacteria and Lactobacillus, which have the potential to improve host health. XOS, a class of non-digestible food ingredients having low degree of polymerization are produced during the hydrolysis of xylan and have been generally recognized as safe by Food and Drug Organization. Millets are recognized as important substitutes for major cereal crops to cope with food shortage and to meet the demands of increasing population of developing countries. Development of low cost nutritious foods using millet will go a long way in combating the malnutrition. The diet from millet based to refined wheat and rice diets contributed to increased prevalence of diabetes and other health ailments.
Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: Xylooligosaccharides were extracted from rice bran and finger millet seed coat was used in the preparation of bread and cookies. The xylooligosaccharides was used as a replacement for sugar, both bread and cookies are made out of refined wheat flour (50%) and millet flour (50%). The nutrient content and sensory attributes of developed products were analyzed.
Findings: The nutritional analysis indicated that in products with xylooligosaccharides from finger millet seed coat (FXOS) to the level of 30% in cookies (millet cookies and refined wheat flour cookies) and to the level of 10% in bread (millet bread and white bread) was having higher amount of slowly digestible starch and resistant starch.
Conclusion & Significance: Xylooligosaccharides enriched bread and cookies give prebiotic functional foods to the consumer.
Mahatma Basweshwar College, India
Time : 09:50-10:10
Godbole B M is presently working as Assistant Professor in Geography. He won Best Teacher Award from national organization two times. He did his Ph.D. in Geography. He has 24 years of teaching and research experience. He has published 14 research papers in national and international journals. He also presented and attended many national and international conferences. He is working as a Reviewer of some national and international journals. He delivers lectures for the welfare of society (Environment and Disaster Management). He is winner of Bharat Shiksha Ratan Award by Global Society for Health and Educational Growth, New Delhi. He is the winner of the Travel Award funded by BOBLME (Bay of Bengal Large Marine Ecosystem) to attend science presentation skills workshop and WinC 2014 international conference, Srilanka (to cover the cost of return air ticket in economy class). He secured captain rank in National Cadet Corps. Government of Maharashtra, and was felicitated with the best ANO (Associate National Cadet Corps Officer) award. He worked as Board of Studies Member (Board of Defense Study and Board of Geography) at University Level.
Food plays a very important role in Indian culture. There are different types of food habitats present in different religions. Every religion has its separate festival and in those festivals they prepare their own dishes. Deepawali is the festival of light and sweet, but it is not celebrated except Hindus. But they invite their other communities’ friends to enjoy with them prepared dishes. Shirkhurma is the famous sweet prepared only in Muslim communities and they also invite their other communities’ friends to enjoy with them. In this way in India food is not just important for eating but is helps in socializing, getting together friends and families. For food habitat India cab be divided into four parts i.e. East, west, south and North but the common thing in this part is the people of these region enjoys pickles, chutneys, carbohydrate staples such as rice and bread as well as desserts. It is said that world is decorated differently due to geographical diversity. With geographical diversity human nature changes. Biodiversity is not only found in human being, but also in whole world, means from small lives up to huge animals, i.e., tropical area, subtropical and polar region. Geographical factors affects on all these factors. This effect can be seen in human being, animals and plants, i.e., when the particular area changes this effect can be clearly seen in human being. For example India has four zones i.e. north, south, east and west with different food habit, physical characteristics, language, color, human occupation and thinking power in human being. It is observed that development of human brain is completely based on what kind of food is consumed by that particular human. In east and west coastal area of India particularly rice, fishes, coconut and vegetables are strictly consumed. In north India especially wheat, rice, corn, pulses, mustard oil, milk and milk product are largely consumed. In east India rice, fishes and flesh are generally consumed, whereas in west India wheat, rice, pulses are largely consumed. It is observed that in west and east India very few people consume meat and meat products.
M/K Pakistan (Pvt) Ltd, Pakistan
Title: Construction & operation of Gaddani fish harbour- mini portâ€“food safety, quality & traceability
Time : 10:30:10:50
Shaukat Hussain has completed his M. Sc. in Industrial Fishing at the age of 28 years from Astrakhan Technical University of Fisheries, Astrakhan, Ex-USSR (Russian Federation). Since then he worked in Marine Fisheries Department, Government of Pakistan, on different positions, and ultimately retired from the post of Director General on attaining the age of 60 years (retirement age) in November, 2015. Presently, he is working for M/K Pakistan (Pvt) Ltd, for development of new Fish Harbour in Gadani, as per the international food safety standards in the capacity of Managing Director. During his tenure as Director General in above department his major achievements were: (i) resumption of export of FFP, in 2013, to the EU which was suspended in 2007; (ii) accreditation of testing laboratories under ISO / IEC – 17025:2005 international standards (iii); introduction of TEDs for local shrimp trawl-nets to satisfy the import requirement under section 609 of U.S. Public Law and clearance of inspection carried out by officials of OES and NOAA of United States of America in 2014.
Gaddani fish landing jetty is located at Gaddani, District- Lasbela, Balochistan in the apex of Arabian Sea and at the mouth of the Persian Gulf. It is approximately 45 Km North West of Karachi. Around 40,000 fishermen of Gaddani and surrounding area depend upon the income from fishing. MK Pakistan (Pvt) Ltd company sister concern of MS S.A. Builders & Developers has entered into a partnership with Balochistan Coastal Development Authority (BCDA) to construct state-of-the-art Fish Harbour-Mini Port at 172 acres of open land at Gaddani beach to achieve the following major objectives:
- To provide structural and operational facilities to around 5000 fishing boats of Gaddani area for unloading, landing and display of catch for sale under satisfactory hygienic conditions meeting the international food safety standards.- To facilitate fish processors / exporters in establishment and operation of processing units in line with international requirement of food safety, quality and traceability.
- To diversify around 500 to 1000 fishing boats from Karachi Fish Harbour to Gaddani Fish Harbour-Mini Port to reduce over congestion at Karachi Fish Harbour.
- To develop Mini Port for small commercial vessels.
- To promote tourism, ferry services at separate picnic point.
Fishing in Balochistan area is considered as more sustainable as the fishermen community itself is against destructive fishing gear / methods including trawling. Besides, majority of small scale fishing boats undertake one or two days fishing trip and bring prime quality fish. However; in order to reduce post harvest losses, there is a dire need to facilitate them with modern auction hall with handling, transportation and other associated facilities to meet the international food safety standards for export to EU and other importing countries.
Federal University of Pelotas, Brazil
Time : 10:50:11:10
Alexandre Antunes Brum has done his Bachelor's degree in Biological Sciences in 2001 from the Federal University, Brazil. He has done his Master’s in Biotechnology (Federal University from Santa Catarina, 2005). He is a Professor at Anhanguera Faculty (Plínio Leite University Center), where he is also a Coordinator of Biological Sciences Graduation Course. He is a Doctoral student at Biotechnological Post-graduate Section of Federal University from Pelotas, Brazil.
Basidiomycetes are fungus able to grow and produce fruiting bodies on lignocellulose substrates due to their ability to produce hydrolytic and oxidative enzymes, which are excreted to the extracellular environment. As a result they degrade lignocellulose and produce mycelial biomass. Monitoring degradation and biomass production may provide important information on the efficiency of lignocellulose bioconversion into fungal biomass. Our objectives were to identify the lignocellulosic enzymes of Agaricus subrufescens on different substrate conditions of a traditional (composted) and alternative axenic systems (non-composted). The dynamic of enzymatic activity, biomass production and lignocellulose degradation were evaluated as well as the analysis of Klason lignin, infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), pH and C/N ratio. A. brasiliensis produced as lignocellulolytic enzymes, laccase, manganese peroxidase, ß-glycosidase and xylanase, in both substrates. Laccase activity was higher when compared to Mn peroxidase, particularly in the non-composted substrate. Xylanase was mostly active on the composted substrate. The traditional system, composted substrate yielded higher fungal biomass. Laccase and protein were correlated to biomass on the traditional cultivation system. In relation to the changes in the substrate an increase on relative lignin concentration occurred on the axenic system whereas the value was reduced on the traditional system. The FTIR spectra evidenced a higher consumption of polysaccharides (1110 cm-1) in the traditional system. The pH changes showed a decrease in both substrates. C/N ratio was reduced in the traditional system but increased in the axenic substrate suggesting that the species has higher ability to produce higher biomass on pre-fermented substrates nevertheless growth is possible in both substrates. Strategy of lignocellulosic degradation is different depending on the type of substrate produced indicating the effective use of a new production strategy for this specie.
Hawassa University, Ethiopia
Title: Determination of heavy metals in some imported and locally produced edible oils marketed in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Time : 11:10-11:30
Yemataw Addis Alemu has done his BSc degree in Applied Chemistry and MSc degree in Pharmaceutical Chemistry in 2006 and 2011, respectively. He has worked in Hawassa University, Ethiopia as Academic Staff in Chemistry department from 2006-2015. Currently, he is a second year Erasmus Mundus student of Chemical Innovation and Regulation by four European universities (University of Algarve, Portugal; University of Barcelona, Spain; University of Bologna, Italy and University of Heriot Watt, UK). He has teaching and research experiences.
The concentrations of heavy metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn) in edible oil samples collected from different retailers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia were determined by flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer after wet digestion using a mixture of 69% HNO3 and 30% H2O2 (2:1 v/v). The contents of the analyzed heavy metals ranged from ND-0.063 (Cd), ND-0.207 (Cr), 0.182–1.01 (Cu), 0.652–2.022 (Mn), ND-0.296 (Ni), ND-0.303 (Pb) and ND-15.20 (Zn) µg/g. Mn and Cu were found in all edible oil samples. Zn was also detected in all samples except in Orkide. Four metals (Cd, Pb, Ni & Cr) were found below the method detection limit in the majority of the samples except for Cd in Viking; Pb in Pflanzenol and Hayat; Ni in Viking and Orkide; and Cr in Viking and Orkide. The detected heavy metal contents of edible oils were found above the allowable limits set by different organizations except for Zn in some samples (Chief, Oki, Fortune, Hatun, Hayat, Pflanzenol and Viking). The levels of the majority of detected metals in the present study were found to be higher than the other literature values in many of the samples. However, due to the much lower estimated daily intake as compared to the TDI, consumption of these edible oils could not be a significant source of toxicity because of the assessed metals.
Federal University of Technology, Owerri
Time : 11:30-11:50
Ezeh Chidinma Francisca is working at Federal University of Technology, Nigeria. She has extended her valuable service for many years and has been a recipient of many award and grants. Her international experience includes various programs, contributions and participation in different countries for diverse fields of study. Her research interests reflect in her wide range of publications in various national and international journals.
Beverages are essential for their thirst quenching function as well as their ability to provide nutrients especially the micro nutrients..That is why there is a renewed interest in naturally sourced beverage in preference to the artificially flavoured beverages .Zobo has a unigue taste that makes it pleasurable to all classes of people in Nigeria .Tigernuts on the other hand are remarkably nutrient dence, high in iron ,potassium zinc, phosphorus, vitamin E and C.This research was therefore carried out to produce a nutritious drink from blend of zobo and tigernuts.500grams of zobo and tiger nuts were purchased, sorted and washed. Zobo drink was prepared by cooking and extraction .The tigernuts were washed ground and milk extracted. The blending was done using different ratios of tigernuts juice/milk (100mils to 500mils 0f zobo,200mils of tigernuts to 500mils of zobo etc).the sample that was blended with 200mils of tigernuts was the best in colour and taste and was selected for proximate analysis. The proximate analysis carried out showed that the tybo drink has 40.8 mg of ascorbic acid, 6.6mg of calcium 2.4 gram of potassium 4.6 g of phosphorus 2.1gof sodium 5.4g of protein and2.7g of fat. Developing a nutritious drink from zobo and tigernuts will help individuals meet their daily reguired intake of micro nutrients.
University of Cape Coast, Ghana
Title: Assessment of some performance characteristics in broiler finisher chickens fed rations with or without a probiotic (RE3)
Time : 12:10-12:30
Bridgette N D Tagoe is currently an MPhil student at the Crop Science department of the School of Agriculture, at the University of Ghana, Legon. She holds a BSc degree in Agriculture from the University Cape Coast and a Diploma in Post-harvest Technology also at the University of Ghana. She is also a trained Teacher by profession with fourteen years of teaching experience.
High unemployment level among the youth, including fresh university graduates, is presently a worrying social problem in Ghana. In tackling the problem head on, the University of Cape Coast has introduced mandatory courses in entrepreneurship for all its students; this skill must be demonstrated in final year project dissertations to graduate. The subject matter for my studies, as a student of agriculture, covered profitable small-scale poultry production utilizing modern developments in the industry. Probiotics are live microbial feed supplements which beneficially affect host animal by improving microbial intestinal balance. The field study assessed effects of a probiotic (RE3) on growth performance of broiler finisher chickens. Eighty day-old Ross breed broiler chickens were brooded together for four weeks and assigned randomly thereafter to ten floor pens, representing two treatments: a broiler finisher control diet i.e. without RE3 (T2) and the same diet with RE3 incorporated at a rate of 68 ml per 45 kg of feed (T1). Birds were finished on the experimental diets for four weeks on deep litter; treatments had five replicates, each with eight birds. Birds were offered feed and water ad libitum and consumption of each measured daily for each pen. Weekly body weight gain and feed conversion efficiency on the feed additive were not significantly (P>0.05) improved compared with the control. Similarly, birds in both treatments did not show significant (P>0.05) improvements in feed and water intake, as well as in dressing percentage. It was concluded that inclusion of the probiotic RE3 in the diet of broilers at the finisher stage, under conditions of this study, did not have any significant (P>0.05) effect on the performance characteristics assessed, as claimed by the manufacturers. These results were contrary to several other studies that appeared to show positive effects of inclusion of the additive on performance. Based on results from this trial, it is recommended that small-scale poultry producers, particularly fresh graduates trying to earn a living, should exercise caution before deciding to take on the extra cost of using the additive, as profit margins are already quite small and effects of additive are reported to vary depending on sanitary conditions on farms. It might be necessary to also test samples of the RE3 on sale for their efficacy under local storage conditions.
Mahatma Basweshwar College, India
Time : 12:30-12:50
Biradar U V is Associate Professor and Head of the Department of Physics and Electronics. Presently, he has been working as an Incharge Principal of Mahatma Baweshwar College, Latur (M.S.). He is a research guide in Physics. He has presented his research paper in Thailand. He has published and presented many research papers in National and International Journals. He was chief organizer for national and international conferences in different subjects and also edited proceedings. He has published books with ISBN number. He was the member of various committees constituted by Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University, Nanded.
Most of the natural and physical phenomena in the universe are not straight forward, since there is nonlinear nature of phenomenon in the area of sciences that are not continuous and involve jumps or discontinuity, such as effect of discontinuity or jumps of environment and heat stress on the agricultural food production, body growth, milk production, semen production, female reproduction of animals and also plant characters. Again, almost all such natural and physical phenomena involve the decay or growth, that is, the change in the state with respect to the time period. Increase in temperature and carbon dioxide can increase some crop yields in some places. The effects of climate change also need to be considered along with other evolving factors that effects agricultural food production. Agriculture is an important sector of the Indian economy. Agriculture and fisheries are highly dependent on the climate. Therefore, some of these types of problems may be formulated as nonlinear differential and integral equations involving discontinuous terms. Nonlinear differential and integral equations of arbitrary order play an important role in branch of nonlinear analysis and their applications in biological sciences. In this paper, we prove the existence solution or such type of nonlinear differential and integral equations and its applications. From the present investigation, it is concluded that the fixed point method which is powerful tool for existence solution of such type nonlinear differential and integral equations in Banach Spaces.