Scientific Program

Conference Series Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend 17th International Conference on Food & Nutrition Las Vegas, Nevada, USA.

Day 3 :

  • Oral Session
Location: Las Vegas
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Co-Chair

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Session Introduction

Biradar U V

Mahatma Basweshwar College, India

Title: Existence the solution of nonlinear food production problems by fixed point theory

Time : 09:30-09:50

Speaker
Biography:

Biradar U V is Associate Professor and Head of the Department of Physics and Electronics. Presently, he has been working as an Incharge Principal of Mahatma Baweshwar College, Latur (M.S.). He is a research guide in Physics. He has presented his research paper in Thailand. He has published and presented many research papers in National and International Journals. He was chief organizer for national and international conferences in different subjects and also edited proceedings. He has published books with ISBN number. He was the member of various committees constituted by Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University, Nanded. 

Abstract:

Most of the natural processes or phenomena in biological processesSciences are not continuous and involve jumps or discontinuous. Such as effect of discontinuousor jumpsof environment andheat stressonthe animals and trees.Again, almost all such natural and biological phenomena involve the decay or growth, that is, the change in the state with respect to the time period.Therefore some of these problems may be formulated as nonlinear differential and integral equations involving discontinuous terms.From the present investigation it is concluded that the fixed point method which is powerful tool for existence the solution of such type nonlinear differentialand integral equations in biological sciences.Nonlinear differential and integral equations of arbitrary order play an important role in branch of nonlinear analysis and their applications in biological Sciences.

Speaker
Biography:

Rwatirera Gunhu is a Food and nutrition lecturer at the Great Zimbabwe University, school of education. Completed an Med in Human Nutrition in 2007 (University of Zimbabwe) and a Master of Education Degree in Psychology. Currently, He is doing Doctoral Studies in Human Nutrition and Dietetics with the University of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa. 

Abstract:

A case study research design was used understand the factors that affected compliance to self care management requirements. Data on frequency and quality of food consumption and medication were collected using three 24 hour diet recalls and structured in depth interviews. A 12 point health belief model interview guide was used to gain insights regarding participant perceptions about the disease and the reasons for the low level of compliance to dietary, physical activity and medication intakes among six diabetic patients. 

Break: 10:10-10:30-Networking & Refreshment Break
Speaker
Biography:

Melese Linger has extended his valuable service for many years and has been a recipient of many award and grants. Currently, he is working as a Lecturer at Wollega University, Ethiopia. His international experience includes various programs, contributions and participation in different countries for diverse fields of study. His research interests reflect in his wide range of publications in various national and international journals.  

Abstract:

Consuming diversified food during adolescent period is essential to build healthy and active mind for the future. Food prices increased in the local market due to fewer plantation. Exploring dietary diversity of adolescents in current situation is crucial to estimate diet quality. To assess dietary diversity and associated factors among adolescent students in Woldia secondary schools, Northeast Ethiopia, 2016. Institution based cross sectional study was conducted among Woldia Secondary School students. A total of 411 sample were used for analysis. Simple random sampling technique was performed and interviewer administered questionnaire was applied. Data were entered to EpiData version 3 and statistical package for social science version 20 used for analysis. Descriptive statistics were used to present the data. Bivariate and multivariable binary logistic analysis were done. Odds ratio with 95% confidence interval was computed. 
 

Malathi D

Tamil Nadu Agricultural University , India

Title: Standardization of multi millet based instant food mixes

Time : 10:50:11:10

Speaker
Biography:

Malathi D, PhD., is specialized in the field of Food Science and Nutrition and has thirty five years of experience in teaching, research and extension. She is expert in various processing techniques and value added products from different food crops. She is involved in popularizing the developed technologies through demonstrations, radio talks, etc. that created awareness about the preservation, processing and therapeutic values. She has attended 13 national and 4 international training programmes. She is conducting training programmes on Fruits and Vegetables preservation, Development of Therapeutic Bakery Products, Confectionery Products and Instant Food Mixes to farmers, industrial persons, entreperenuers and general public. She has worked in 12 National and 4 International research projects and published 36 international and 75 national research papers. 

Abstract:

Statement of the Problem: Standardization of breakfast recipes using multi millets, dried drumstick and fenugreek leaves.  Most of the foods consumed by the people are based on tradition. However the preparation of traditional foods is time consuming and laborious resulting in the emergence of convenient foods in a big way. To promote millet utilization standardization of small millets based instant food mixes would be a successful strategy.
Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: In the present investigation attempts have been made to develop nutrient rich multi millet (kodo millet, little millet, foxtail millet and barnyard millet) based dosa mix & chappathi mix with other ingredients (dried drumstick / fenugreek leaves, blackgram dhal, fenugreek seed & salt). The developed mixes were evaluated for sensory attributes using 9 point hedonic scale. The nutrient composition of developed multi millet based drumstick and fenugreek leaves mixes were analysed by the standard procedure and studied for the shelf life. The sensory attribute scores revealed that multi millet based dosa & chappathi mixes were highly acceptable upto 2 % level of incorporation of dried drumstick leaves / fenugreek leaves. The proximate composition of multi millet based mixes contained higher amount of protein, fibre and minerals such as calcium, ß-carotene and iron. The shelf life of instant mixes were six months and microbial load was well within the safer limit in metallised polypropylene packaging materials. Conclusion & Significance: The standardized multi millet based breakfast recipes have high therapeutic values and it is recommended for people those who are suffering from degenerative diseases.
 

Chate D B

Mahatma Basweshwar College, India

Title: Incidence of aeromycoflora over the groundnut field from Latur district

Time : 11:10:11:30

Speaker
Biography:

Chate D B is presently working as Head & Assistant Professor in Botany. He was two times senate member of Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University, Nanded. He is research guide to guide the M.Phil and Ph.D. students. He has 22 years of teaching, research and extension experience. He has published 14 research papers in national and international journals. He has also presented and attended many national and international conferences. He is working as a reviewer of  some national and international journals. He had worked as member of Board of College and University Development. He won Rajashri Shahu Maharaj National Teacher Award. He is also working as General Secretary, Teachers Association, SRT-MUCTA, Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University, Nanded. He is life member of Bionano Frontiers journal and Indian Aerobiological Society. He is also working as an editor in chief of vision Research journal.

Abstract:

Groundnut or peanut (Arachis hypogaea. Linn) is an important oil seed crop in many topical and warm temperature regions of the world. Oil seeds account for one ninth of the total agricultural production in India. The vegetable oil is extensively used for cooking purposes and in the manufacturing of soap and other by product. The residual cake is rich in nitrogen and is used as cattle feed or as manure for crop plants. During present investigation more emphasis has been given on the fungal components of air spora such aerobiological study is useful for obtaining an efficient forecasting system and preventing ground nut crop from the attack of disastrous airborne disease. The importance of studies of airospora over the groundnut crop field is to understand the dissemination and spread of airborne microbial components including pathogen in the atmosphere.  The present investigation was carried out in two groundnut sampling fields i.e. Wagholi and Ausa. The present investigation was carried out to calculate the concentration of air borne pathogen causing groundnut diseases and to study the close relationship between the spore concentration, disease incidence, meteorological factors and growth stages of the groundnut crop. In present investigation air monitoring survey is carried out by using air sampler. Supporting to this work air sampler Petri plates exposure method for 15 days regular interval. Two diseases are common over groundnut nut tikka leafs spot diseased caused by cercospora arachidicola Hori and cercospora personatum. During the present investigation the major fungal group Deuteromycetes, Basidiomycetes, Ascomycetes have been found.

Speaker
Biography:

Ali Maged Ali Awaad has extended his valuable service for many years and has been a recipient of many award and grants. Currently, he is working as a Professor at Al-Azhar University, Egypt. His international experience includes various programs, contributions and participation in different countries for diverse fields of study. His research interests reflect in his wide range of publications in various national and international journals.  

Abstract:

Bifidobacterium represent one of the major genera of the intestinal tract of human and animals used as probiotics in dairy and nondairy foods for restore the intestinal microflora which confers a health benefit. The identification of Bifidobacterium by phenotypic features is commonly unreliable, time, money, and effor consuming. We sought toimprove the Bifidobacterium identification method based on molecular level to identify probiotic bacteria in complex microbial communities. The application of 16S-23S rRNA oligonucleotide primers is the best and most reliable, rapid, and precise species and sub species identification approach. The ribosomal intergenic spacer region (ISR) located between the highly conserved 16S rRNA and 23S rRNA shows a high degree of variation in length and sequence and potential for intra species discrimination and providing the phylogenetic Relationship of the Genus Bifidobacterium spp. Results showed that one of the two primer sets Bflac2-Bflac5 species specific gives positive results differentiating between B. animalis ssp. Lactis isolated from breast fed infants milk of human and that isolated from feces of breast fed infant and detecting reference strain for B. animalis ssp. Lactis DSM10140. DNA sequences of the two strains were submitted to the Genbank NCBI under accession number (KT758845) named as B. animalis ssp. Lactis Egm1 Egyptian milk) and accession number (KT758846) named as Egf1 Egyptian feces while the second primer give false positive result. Also, we aim to obtain patent protection under Intellectual property rights (IPRs) for B. animalis ssp.Lactis which was isolated from Egyptian resources to be used for a better and healthier food and dairy products

Speaker
Biography:

Alwand Tahir Dizayee has been awarded PhD in 2001 at University of Baghdad  in the field of Soil Fertility & Plant Nutrition. During 2001-02, He was a consultant at FAO- Iraq-Kurdistan office. he have been the Head of department of Soil and Water Science, College of Agriculture University of Salahaddin since 2015 up to date. He supervised   seven M Sc students in the field of my specialization. He have polished 13 research papers. his field of interest is DRIS  and nutrient balance, As an Assistant professor, he taught the soil fertility and plant nutrition for undergraduate students and advanced Soil Fertility  for postgraduate students.  

Abstract:

An experiment was conducted at the farm of the college of Agriculture University of Salahaddin-Erbil at Grdarasha site,   on a silty clay loam   (36ο 07̒ 14..36˝ N, 44 ο 00̒ 48.23̋˝ E, altitude = 411 m ), it is apart of wide plain, during the growing season of 18-7-2009 to 1-11-2009 conducted in the field ,to study the effect of different levels of N (0,80,160,240,320,400 Kg N ha-1) ,S (0,30,60,90 Kg  S ha-1) and their combination on yield components and nutrient balance of corn by using DRIS methodology using the factorial experiment in CRBD  with three replications . The   results indicated that  combination between Nitrogen and Sulfur levels affected on the grain yield, straw and total dry matter in the corn plant was significant .The highest means values (18.27, 9.0, 27.02 Mg ha-1) respectively for grain yield straw and total dry matter were recorded from (N5S3) treatments combination except the straw (9.0 Mg ha-1) was recorded with (N4S3) treatment combination ,the lowest mean value are (16.83,10.05 Mg ha 1).respectively in treatment combination (N0S0) for straw and total dry matter except the grain yield (6.7 Mg ha-1)  was recorded  under N0S3. The combination between Nitrogen and Sulfur levels significantly  affected on the concentration of (Nitrogen, Potassium and Sulfur) in the corn plant, the highest means values (23.33, 3.17, 5.82 mg g-1) was recorded from the treatment combination (N4S2, N4S3, N0S3), whereas the lowest means values are (14.73, 2.62, 2.55 mg g-1) were recorded from in (N0S1, N0S0, N5S0) treatments combination. The lowest nutrient balance index were recorded from treatment combination (N5S3) was recorded (0.67, 2.32, -4.45, 5.11, 0.05, -3.7 ) al so the maximum yield was recorded in treatment combination (N5S3) is (18.28 Mg ha-1)

Godbole B M

Mahatma Basweshwar College, India

Title: Effect of geographical factors on food habitat of India

Time : 12:10-12:30

Speaker
Biography:

Godbole B M is presently working as Assistant Professor in Geography. He two times won Best Teacher Award from national organization. He has 24 years of teaching, research and extension experience. He has published 14 research papers in national and international journals. he also presented and attended many national and international conferences. He is working as a review of some national and international journals. He delivers lectures for the welfare of society (Environment and Disaster Management). He is winner of Bharat Shiksha Ratan Award by Global Society for Health and Educational Growth, New Delhi.  He is winner of the Travel Award funded by BOBLME (Bay of Bengal Large Marine Ecosystem) to attend science presentation skills workshop and WinC 2014 international conference, Srilanka (to cover the cost of return air ticket in economy class). He secured captain rank in National Cadet Corps. Government of Maharashtra falicitated with best ANO (Associate National Cadet Corps Officer) award. Worked as Board of Studies member (Board of Defense Study and Board of Geography) at University Level

Abstract:

The food, culture and traditions of India have its long history and unique Geography. Food is an important part of Indian culture, playing a role in everyday life as well as in festivals. In many families , everyday meals are sit down affairs consisting of two to  three main course dishes, varied accompaniments such as chutneys and pickles, carbohydrate staples such as rice and roti (bread), as well as desserts. Food is not just important for eating, but it is also a way of socializing, getting together with family, relatives and friends. Indian cuisine can be split into four categories: north, south, east and West Indian. It is said that world is decorated with differently due to Geographical diversity. With geographical diversity human nature changes. Biodiversity is not only found in human being but also in whole world means from small lives up to huge animals i.e. tropical area, subtropical and polar region. Geographical factors affects on all these factors. This effect can be seen in human being, animals and plants. i.e. when the particular area changes this effect can clearly seen in human being. For example India has four zones i.e. north, south, east and west with different food habit, physical characteristics, language, color, human occupation and thinking power in human being. It is observed that development of human brain is completely based on what kind of food consumed by that particular human. In east and west coastal area of India particularly rice, fishes, coconut and vegetables are strictly consumed. In north India specially wheat, rice, corn, pulses, mustard oil, milk and milk product are largely consumed. In east India rice, fishes and flesh are generally consumed whereas in west India wheat, rice, pulses are largely consumed. It Is observed that in west and east India very few people consume meat and meat products.

  • Young Research Forum
Location: Las Vegas
Speaker
Biography:

Raja N A Khan has his expertise in research, writing, planning & policy analysis regarding food and animal sciences.  He is author of two books and two research publications & producer of dozens of farmer extension TV program. As PhD student in Animal Sciences he started research work on current emerging segregation in food industry, halal food. His research based on critical thinking and market trend analysis highlighted the gap areas in to halal food production, the key gap is none sufficient research & development approach. The author tries to realize the halal food industry after evaluating the gap areas that they need to cover them up for sustainable continuity in future.

Abstract:

Statement of the Problem: Halal food is associated with billions of people with expected market worth 2.5 trillion USD at current & 4 as future estimation. It’s logical to predict that any problem with halal food can give birth to serious food-crises with huge losses to economics, market, food and energies along demand of huge shift of funds & food provision camps to cope it and cover up the need of food of halal user. If a food set up have some benefits then the same set up must have some drawbacks as well, especially when it’s not under scientific lines. Wise approach is to see the drawbacks, gaps and their expected solution as crises management relief. These gaps start from its definitions, conceptual level, production/farming, processing, certifications, marketing, consumer level, till sustainability. There is no or ineffective presence of any scientifically proven literature of halal standardization of products, halal food science, halal health, halal farming SOPs and halal R&D. Use of word “halal” as prefix with every industry & product other than food product from land to water without proper workout is not a wise approach as well. The absence of halal food grading system and halal standardization is the big hurdle in establishment of halal branding sustainably. A baseline scientific reference based on structural, function and nutritional profiles in determination of difference between Halal and Non-Halal are a vital & unavoidable question of future & market competition. The role of halal sharia expertise need to be well defined, standardize and lemmatized if halal food industry need to get develop on scientific lines as an open food of choice. Some research base definitions against following terminologies can be a good start toward development of actual halal science: halal sensory & chemical features, halal standardization, halal characterization, one unanimous halal definition and procedure, halal structural profile, halal nutritional profile, halal farming, halal scientific research & development. The outcome conclusions will serve as base line pilot study for many other studies.

Speaker
Biography:

Daisy Masih has expertise in the field of obesity and related disorders. The evaluation of various genetic and inflammatory biomarkers of obesity will be helpful in improving health care. Identifications of various genes and proteins related to obesity will open a new era in combating metabolic syndrome.

Abstract:

Introduction: Body composition analysis is one of the necessary aspects in nutrition as it gives us information about the body fat and lean body mass. Among many common techniques used for analysis of body composition for humans, bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA) , skin fold measurements are the inexpensive and easy methods in comparison to sophisticated technique such as DEXA. DEXA is precise and gives detailed information about fat distribution for variety of clinical and research applications. Nevertheless, the technique is expensive and tedious. On the other hand, bioelectric impedance analysis is simple electrical impedance based technique which calculates the total body water to estimate Fat Mass (FM) or Fat Free Mass (FFM). Thus, the aim of the study was to investigate whether there is a difference between body fat mass percentage measured by BIA and DEXA method. Methodology: The study conducted on  30 male subjects who  were randomly selected  with mean age 23.71 ± 4.7 years and BMI=25.5 kg/m2. Height was measured by seca rod to minimum 0.1cm. The body fat % was measured with both bioelectric impedance analyzer and DEXA scan. Results & Conclusion: The mean difference between the body fat mass percentage measured by BIA and DEXA was 4.38 with a standard deviation of 2.95. DEXA and BIA showed high correlation in FM, FFM and %BF correlation by Pearson’s and Spearman’s correlation. Student’s paired t-test showed no significant change.

Break: 13:00 -14:00-Lunch Break

Farkhanadah Sarfraz

University of Sargodha, Pakistan

Title: Studies on hypolipidemic potentials of synbiotic yoghurt

Time : 14:00-14:15

Speaker
Biography:

Farkhanadah Sarfraz is working as a Researcher at the Food Science and Nutrition, Pakistan. Her experience includes various programs, contributions and participation in different countries for diverse fields of study. Her research interests reflect in her wide range of publications in various national and international journals.  

Abstract:

Hyperlipidemia is a metabolic disorder categorized by elevated blood cholesterol levels. Hypercholesterolemia is a risk factor for many chronic diseases like hypertension, cardiac failure, and atherosclerosis. Synbiotic is a synergistic combination of probiotics (beneficial microbes) and prebiotics (indigestible carbohydrates) that may possess cholesterol lowering ability. Antihyperlipidemic effect of synbiotic yoghurt (developed by fructo-oligosacchride and isomalto-oligosacchride) was examined in hyperlipidemic rabbits as an animal model. Hyperlipidemic condition in rabbits was induced through hyperlipidemic diet. After induction, hyperlipidemic rabbits were fed on treatment diet containing synbiotic yoghurt in various concentrations (0%, 2%, 4%, and 6%). During study period of 4 weeks the blood lipid count of animals i.e., total cholesterol, triglycerides, high density lipoproteins, low density and very low density lipoproteins was analyzed after every week. The overall results indicated a significant decline in total cholesterol (80%) triglycerides, low density lipoprotein and very low density lipoprotein contents. Only high density lipoprotein contents were increased 53.70±0.35 mg/dl (415.21%). So it was concluded from the results of study that synbiotic yoghurt (6g/Kg) possesses hypolipidemic potential.  

Ismail Kasana

Uganda

Title: TBA

Time : 14:30-14:45

Speaker
Biography:

TBA

Abstract:

TBA

Gurseen Rakhra

Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences, India

Title: Levels of plasma copper, zinc, magnesium and iron of Iindians belonging to different activity groups.

Time : 14:45-15:00

Speaker
Biography:

Gurseen Rakhra has her expertise in the evaluation of nutritional status. The mineral status assessed in healthy active population will be helpful in avoiding mineral deficiencies and indiscriminate use of mineral supplementation by the physically active individuals which may prove harmful for their health and nutritional status. Thus, this approach will be required to optimize individual performance.
 

Abstract:

The concentration of nutritionally important minerals is under homeostatic control, however, physical activity and age may change the plasma levels of these as per altered metabolic requirement. Stratified cluster sampling was used to select participants (n=360) belonging to three different activity groups -Sedentary, Moderately active and highly active  which were further divided into six age groups (18-20, 21-25, 26-30, 31-35, 36-40, and 41-45y). Body composition was analyzed using bioelectrical impedance. Fasting blood samples were taken and plasma samples was separated by centrifugation and stored at -80°C until analysis. Plasma samples were evaluated for copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), magnesium (Mg) and iron (Fe) using flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer. There was a significant difference (P<0.001) in the mean plasma values of Cu, Zn, Mg and Fe for the three activity groups. The plasma Cu concentration was highest in the moderately active group (1.59±0.05mg/L) while the lowest in highly active group (1.06±0.12 mg/L). Physical activity caused a marked decrease in the plasma zinc concentration (Sedentary group-2.37±0.29, moderately active-1.03±0.21 and highly active -0.78±0.23mg/L). Physical activity increases levels of plasma Mg. Plasma iron levels were highest in the moderately active group (0.79±0.22mg/L) while lowest in sedentary group (0.43±0.09mg/L). Age influences plasma Cu, Zn, Mg and Fe levels in three different activity groups to different extent.  
 

 

Speaker
Biography:

Bridgette Naa Deedei Tagoe is currently an MPhil student at the crop science department of the school of agriculture, at the University of Ghana Legon. She holds a B.Sc. degree in Agriculture from the University Cape coast and a Diploma in Post-harvest technology also the University of Ghana. She is also a trained teacher by profession with fourteen (14) years teaching experience.

Abstract:

High unemployment level among the youth, including fresh university graduates, is presently a worrying social problem in Ghana. In tackling the problem head on, the University of Cape Coast has introduced mandatory courses in entrepreneurship for all its students; this skill must be demonstrated in final year project dissertations to graduate. The subject matter for my studies, as a student of agriculture, covered profitable small-scale poultry production utilizing modern developments in the industry. Probiotics are live microbial feed supplements which beneficially affect host animal by improving microbial intestinal balance. The field study assessed effects of a probiotic (RE3) on growth performance of broiler finisher chickens. Eighty day-old Ross breed broiler chickens were brooded together for four weeks and assigned randomly thereafter to ten floor pens, representing two treatments: a broiler finisher control diet i.e. without RE3 (T2) and the same diet with RE3 incorporated at a rate of 68ml per 45kg of feed (T1). Birds were finished on the experimental diets for four weeks on deep litter; treatments had five replicates, each with eight birds. Birds were offered feed and water ad libitum and consumption of each measured daily for each pen. Weekly body weight gain and feed conversion efficiency on the feed additive were not significantly (P >0.05) improved compared with the control. Similarly, birds in both treatments did not show significant (P>0.05) improvements in feed and water intake, as well as in dressing percentage. It was concluded that inclusion of the probiotic RE3 in the diet of broilers at the finisher stage, under conditions of this study, did not have any significant (P>0.05) effect on the performance characteristics assessed, as claimed by the manufacturers. These results were contrary to several other studies that appeared to show positive effects of inclusion of the additive on performance. Based on results from this trial, it is recommended that small-scale poultry producers, particularly fresh graduates trying to earn a living, should exercise caution before deciding to take on the extra cost of using the additive, as profit margins are already quite small and effects of additive are reported to vary depending on sanitary conditions on farms. It might be necessary to also test samples of the RE3 on sale for their efficacy under local storage conditions.

Speaker
Biography:

Yemataw Addis Alemu has graduated his BSc degree in Applied Chemistry and MSc degree in Pharmaceutical Chemistry in 2006 and 2011 respectively. He has worked in Hawassa University, Ethiopia since September 2006 up to September 2015 as academic staff in chemistry Department. Currently, he is a second year Erasmus Mundus student Studying Masters degree in Chemical innovation and regulation given by four European Universities (University of Algarve , Portugal; University of Barcelona, Spain; University of Bologna, Italy and University of Heriot Watt, UK). He has teaching and research experiences.

Abstract:

The concentrations of heavy metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn) in edible oil samples collected from different retailers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia were determined by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer after wet digestion using a mixture of 69% HNO3 and 30% H2O2 (2: 1 v/v). The contents of the analyzed heavy metals ranged from ND-0.063 (Cd), ND–0.207 (Cr), 0.182–1.01 (Cu), 0.652–2.022 (Mn), ND–0.296 (Ni), ND–0.303 (Pb) and ND-15.020 (Zn) μg/g.Mn and Cu were found in all edible oil samples. Zn was also detected in all samples except in Orkide. Four metals (Cd, Pb, Ni & Cr) were found below the method detection limit in the majority of the samples except for Cd in Viking; Pb in Pflanzenol and Hayat; Ni in Viking and Orkide; and Cr in Viking and Orkide. The detected heavy metal contents of edible oils were found above the allowable limits set by different organizations except for Zn in some samples (Chief, Oki, Fortune, Hatun, Hayat, Pflanzenol and Viking). The levels of the majority of detected metals in the present study were found to be higher than the other literature values in many of the samples. However, due to the much lower estimated daily intake as compared to the TDI, consumption of these edible oils could not be a significant source of toxicity because of the assessed metals.